biography of urdu poet-shakeel badayuni

Shakeel Badayuni was born on 13th August 1916 in Badayun, Uttar Pradesh, India. His father was Mohammed Jamaal Ahmed Sokhta Qadri. Shakeel learnt, Arabic, Urdu, Persian, and Hindi at home.  Although no one from his family had poetry history, Shakeel still had strong inclination towards Sher-o-Shayari and he had strong influence of his long distant relative ‘Zia-ul-Qadri Badayuni’, who was a religious shayar. Shakeel was used to hear his shayari at various Mushairas. Shakeel's early education in Urdu, Arabic and Persian languages helped him in that.

In 1938, Shakeel joined the Aligarh Muslim University. While studying in college, he was used to participate in college Mushairas , where he also won many times. In 1940, Shakeel got married to one of his distant relative Salma, at the age of 24.

After completing his B.A., he joined as a Supply Officer in Delhi. He continued compose Ghazals and participating in Mushairas, earning nation-wide fame.

In 1944, Shakeel moved to Bombay to become a lyricist in Bollywood. In Mumbai, he met the music director ‘Naushad’ and producer ‘A.R. Kardar’. Kardar and Naushad asked him to conclude his poetic skills in one line. Shakeel then fetched one line to them as- ‘Ham Dil Kaa Afsaanaa Duniyaan Ko Suna Denge, Har Dil Mein Muhabbat Ki Ik Aag Lagaa Denge’. ‘Naushad’ was impressed by his words and quickly signed him for Kardar's film ‘Dard’. Music of Dard was successful and especially the song 'Afsaana Likh Rahi Hoon'.

After the success of ‘Dard’, Shakeel's association with composer ‘Naushad’ was continued for many more films. Naushad and Shakeel’s duo along with Mohammed Rafi and Dilip Kumar, made movie going a treat in the 50s and 60s.  The movies were hits and the soundtracks even bigger. Naushad composed, Rafi sang and Dilip Kumar lip-synced to Shakeel’s words in ‘Kohinoor’, ‘Udan Khatola’, ‘Mughal-E-Azam’, ‘Aan’, ‘Deedar’, ‘Ganga Jamuna’, ‘Leader’, and as late as ‘Dil Diya Dard Liya’ and ‘Aadmi’ in the late 60s. Shakeel was the sole lyricist for Naushad from ‘Dard’ to ‘Sunghursh’. This team churned out hundreds of melodies over a span of two decades with the vocals of Mohammed Rafi.

Shakeel no doubt deserved success which started with Dard and continued with ‘Mela’ (1948), ‘Anokhi Ada’ (1948), ‘Babul’ (1950), ‘Baiju Baawra’ (1952), ‘Udan Khatola’ (1952), ‘Ambar’ (1952), ‘Amar’ (1954), ‘Mughal-e-Azam’ (1960), to name a few. Shakeel wrote for approximately 89 films and majority of his films had music by Naushad rest had Ravi and Hemant Kumar.  Shakeel shared a close friendship with Naushad, Ravi and Ghulam Mohammad. With Naushad as composer and Mohammad Rafi giving vocals, Shakeel penned the greatest ‘Bhajan’ of Hindi films ‘O Duniya Ke Rakhwale’ and other songs of Baiju Bawra. His other Bhajan ‘Man Tadpat Hari Darshan Ko Aaj’ rendered by Mohd.Rafi, is even today is heard in temples.

His hit songs along with music composer Ravi include 'Husnwaale Tera Jawaab Nahin' (Gharana) and 'Chaudhvin Ka Chand Ho' (Chaudhvin Ka Chand). Both the songs earned him Filmfare Award as Best Lyricist. However his notable film with composer Hemant Kumar is ‘Sahib Bibi Aur Ghulam’ in 1962. Shakeel won his third Filmfare Award for the song 'Kahin Deep Jale Kahin Dil' (Bees Saal Baad) in 1963.

Shakeel penned lyrics for the tunes of ‘S D Burman’ for movies ‘Kaise Kahoon’ & ‘Benazir’.

Shakeel has also written for ‘C.Ramachandra’ for films ‘Zindagi Aur Maut’, ‘Wahan Ke Log’and Roshan – ‘Bedaagh’and ‘Noorjahan’.

Shakeel had diabetes problem, due to which he died on 20th April, 1970, at the age of 53. He left behind his wife, son and daughter. After his death, his friends formed a trust called 'Yaad e Shakeel' to provide a financial help for his family.


1. 1963 - for song 'Kahin Deep Jale Kahin Dil' - film Bees Saal Baad (1962)

2. 1962 - for song 'Husnwaale Tera Jawaab Nahin' - film Gharana (1961)

3. 1961 - for song 'Chaudvin Ka Chaand Ho' - film Chaudhvin Ka Chand (1960)

Popular Songs

1. Pyaar Kiya Tho Darna Kya - Mughal-E-Azam

2. Kahin Dip Jalein Kahin Dil - Bees Saal Baad

3. Husnwaale Tera Jawaab Nahin - Gharana

4. Chaudvin Ka Chaand Ho - Chaudhvin Ka Chand

5. Chhod Baabul Ka Ghar Mohe Pi Ka Nagar - Babul

6. Dhundo Dhundo Re Saajna Dhundo- Ganga Jamuna

7. Ai Door Ke Musaafir Humko Bhi Saath Le Le - Udan Khatola

8. Duniya Ke Rakhwaale - Baiju Bawra

9. Aaj Puraani Raaho Se - Aadmi

10. Chandan Ka Paalana Resham Ki Dori - Shabaab

11. Aaj Mere Mann Mein Sakhi Baansuri Bajaaye Koyi - Aan

12. Suhaani Raat Dhal Chuki - Dulaari

13. Jindagi Denewaale Sun - Dil-E-Nadan

14. Suhanee Rat Dhal Chukee Dulari


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